ARTICLES, DISCUSSIONS, ANALYSES, REVIEWS

COMPENSATION OF NON-MATERIAL DAMAGE DUE TO EXTREME DISABILITY

Abstract

Compensation of non-material damage due to extreme disability is a special kind of compensation. The Court can award payment of fair pecuniary compensation for non-material damage due to extreme disability to both direct victim and/or his close relatives (such as parents, husband and wife, children, brothers and sisters) sufferring the indirect damage. These persons are entitled to such kind of compensation only under certain conditions - such as durable life within the same household - which have to be fully met, carefully determined and established. An adopted child is entitled to this compensation, too.
Extreme disability, which implies almost total disability or complete deformity, is the main precondition for this kind of compensation. Such disability causes direct and indirect victims mental pain of high intensity, with serious consequences. This form of compensation and/or its amount should be carefully assessed, since the satisfaction of non-material damage must not be symbolic, but such as to mitigate the pains of the damaged person as much as possible.
šteta. Štete se stalno prouzrokuju životu čoveka i njegovom integritetu. Tokom
obavljanja mnogih vrsta korisnih aktivnosti, delatnosti i radnji neretko se dešavaju
razne povrede. Povrede mogu biti takve prirode da žrtva ili povređeno lice budu
dovedeni u stanje u kojem život postaje osobito težak. Naročito težak invaliditet
žrtvu dovodi u teško stanje direktno, a bliske srodnike indirektno. Ovo je nateralo
zakonodavca, pravnu nauku i sudsku praksu da budu odgovorni prema tim stanjima
i situacijama.
Naročito težak invaliditet često se prouzrokuje na radnom mestu, u raznim
vrstama saobraćaja (putničkom, železničkom itd.) i u sportskim aktivnostima. Teški
oblici invaliditeta i unakaženosti imaju vidljive posledice budući da žrtva i bliski
srodnici doživljavaju psihički bol i patnju jakog intenziteta.
Štete s teškim posledicama najčešće nastaju prilikom obavljanja posla sa
opasnim stvarima ili u opasnim delatnostima, naročito u javnom saobraćaju, pri
pružanju zdravstvenih usluga, delanju u službama bezbednosti i oružanim snagama,
a moguće je da naročito težak invaliditet bude izazvan i zagađenjem životne
sredine


UDK: 368.025.8: 347.426.4: 369.216: 241.52:347.417 Stevanović, Nebojša COMPENSATION OF NON-MATERIAL DAMAGE DUE TO EXTREME DISABILITY Page: 41-48
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