Vidaković, prof. dr Milovan
Predsednik Društva inženjera i tehničara za upravljanje rizicima DITUR
FIRE AT HILANDAR MONASTERY
The Article describes the formation and development of the Hilandar
Monastery in view of the arrival of Serbs on the Balkans, including the historical
role of the Nemanjić dynasty. Special attention is dedicated to 2004 fire at the
Hilandar Monastery; moreover, the author gives instructions for the protection
against similar situations in future.
The Hilandar Monastery is still exposed to the same peril. Therefore, it is necessary to create conditions for the supply of sufficient water amount. The water tank must have a required water quantity and pressure capacity. Also, it is necessary to install fire sections, in order to restrict the fire to a smaller area. Each restructured building should, by its height, represent a separate fire section. The crossings between the fire sections have to be secured by fire doors. Finally, the monks in the monasteries need to be prepared and/or trained to act in case of a re-occurrence of fire. It is also important to provide for firefighting suits and breathing apparatus.
Key words: Hilandar, fire, prevention