Rakonjac Antić, prof. dr Tatjana

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Redovni profesor na Ekonomskom fakultetu Univerziteta u Beogradu

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ARTICLES, DISCUSSIONS, ANALYSES, REVIEWS

FORMS OF HEALTH CARE DELIVERY IN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

In the United States of America (USA), health care can be predominantly obtained through private health insurance (individually purchased or employer-provided), under publicly funded social security programs (among which most common are Medicare and Medicaid schemes), and since 2010, through mandatory health insurance. On the USA territory, the most up-todate healthcare technology is used, total spending on health care is extremely high (as a consequence of increased demand for health care services, higher investments in scientifi c researches in the area of healthcare, etc.), whereas in 2000, the World Health Organization ranked the U.S. health care system only 37th. Life expectancy in the USA does not rank among the top in the world, and for particular categories of insureds there is no adequate access to health care. The changes introduced to the U.S. health care system are aimed at resolving the aforementioned problems. The implementation of mandatory health insurance seeks to create conditions for the provision of universal health coverage and a strong correlation between high health care prices and high health care effi ciency.

Key words: health insurance, health care, USA, Medicare scheme, Medicaid scheme

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